Useful Websites for Social Workers
U. S. Census Bureau
The U.S. Census Bureau website provides a source of quality data about the nation's people and economy.
Centers for Disease Control
This website contains information and insight about health, safety, life stages, and a plethora of related topics. The CDC’s mission is "to promote health and quality of life by preventing and controlling disease, injury, and disability."
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
This website is the United States government's principal agency for protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services, especially for those who are least able to help themselves.
Some programs include:
Health and social science research
Preventing disease, including immunization services
Medicare (health insurance for elderly and disabled Americans) and Medicaid (health insurance for low-income people)
Health information technology
Financial assistance and services for low-income families
Improving maternal and infant health
Faith-based and community initiatives
Preventing child abuse and domestic violence
Substance abuse treatment and prevention
Services for older Americans, including home-delivered meals
Department of Health and Human Services: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Evidence Based Practice
The department website provides links to evidence-based practice centers in the United States and Canada performing funded research and information mainly in the area of physical health, but also provides reports in psychiatry and substance abuse.
National Institute on Drug Abuse
There are two main factors that this website focuses on: strategic support and conduct of research across a broad range of disciplines, and ensuring the rapid and effective dissemination and use of the results of that research to significantly improve prevention, treatment and policy as it relates to drug abuse and addiction.
SAMHSA’s National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices
The National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices (NREPP) is a searchable online registry of mental health and substance abuse interventions that have been reviewed and rated by independent reviewers.The purpose of this registry is to assist the public in identifying approaches to preventing and treating mental and/or substance use disorders that have been scientifically tested and that can be readily disseminated to the field. NREPP is one way that SAMHSA is working to improve access to information on tested interventions and thereby reduce the lag time between the creation of scientific knowledge and its practical application in the field. NREPP is a new registry and currently has several dozen reviewed interventions. New intervention summaries are continually being added as reviews are completed. The registry is expected to grow to a large number of interventions over the coming months and years. Please check back regularly to access the latest updates.
Preventing Drug Abuse among Children and Adolescents: Examples of Research-Based Drug Abuse Prevention Programs
To help those working in drug abuse prevention, NIDA, in cooperation with the prevention scientists, presents examples of research-based programs that feature a variety of strategies proven to be effective. Each program was developed as part of a research study, which demonstrated that over time youth who participated in the programs had better outcomes than those who did not. The programs are presented within their audience category (universal, selective, indicated, or tiered).
SAMHSA: A Guide To Evidence-Based Practices (EBP) on The Web
SAMHSA provides this Web Guide to assist the public with simple and direct connections to Web sites that contain information about interventions to prevent and/or treat mental and substance use disorders. The Web Guide provides a list of Web sites that contain information about specific evidence-based practices (EBPs) or provide comprehensive reviews of research findings.
SAMHSA: Evidence-Based Practice Implementation Resource Kits for Mental Health The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and its Center for Mental Health Services (CMHS) introduce six Evidence-Based Practice Implementation Resource Kits to encourage the use of evidence-based practices in mental health. The Kits were developed as one of several SAMHSA/CMHS activities critical to its science-to-services strategy.
U.S. Department of Education
This website collects data on America's schools and disseminates research, as well as focuses national attention on key educational issues.
Official portal to the U.S. Government sites.
Office of Extramural Research
This website provides useful information about policies, funding opportunities, and the application process for research grants.
Federal statistics, very user-friendly gateway to many federal data sources.
ClinicalTrials.gov provides patients, family members, health care professionals, and members of the public easy access to information on clinical trials for a wide range of diseases and conditions. The U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH), through its National Library of Medicine (NLM), has developed this site in collaboration with all NIH Institutes and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
Child Welfare Information Gateway
Child Welfare Information Gateway promotes the safety, permanency, and well-being of children and families by connecting child welfare, adoption and related professionals as well as concerned citizens to timely, essential information. They provide access to print and electronic publications, websites, and online databases covering a wide range of topics from prevention to permanency, including child welfare, child abuse and neglect, adoption, search and reunion, and much more.
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
The National Institutes of Health (NIH), a part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, is the U.S. government's medical research agency. NIH's web site lists new research in health and medicine.
MedlinePlus brings together authoritative information from NLM, the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and other government agencies and health-related organizations. Preformulated MEDLINE searches are included in MedlinePlus and give easy access to medical journal articles. MedlinePlus also has extensive information about drugs, an illustrated medical encyclopedia, interactive patient tutorials, and latest health news.
Provides free access to MEDLINE, NLM’s database of citations and abstracts in the fields of medicine, nursing, dentistry, veterinary medicine, health care systems, and preclinical sciences.
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
NIMH’s Web site contains information on many mental disorders. The site also provides information on NIMH research, publications, and activities.
VA Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI)
VA’s Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI), is designed to translate research discoveries and innovations into better patient care and systems improvements. QUERI focuses on nine high-risk and/or highly prevalent diseases or conditions among veterans: Chronic Heart Failure, Diabetes, HIV/Hepatitis, Ischemic Heart Disease, Mental Health, Polytrauma, Spinal Cord Injury, Stroke, and Substance Use Disorders. VA/HSR&D’s Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI) works to improve the quality of healthcare for veterans by implementing research findings into routine clinical practice.
Social Work Organizations
National Association of Social Workers
This website is a useful tool for any person in the social work profession.
National Association of Social Workers Research
This Research Page is intended to help inform policy, practice, and education by providing information on social work research to NASW members, as well as to the general public.
Society for Social Work Research
The Society for Social Work and Research is a non-profit (Federal ID Number 13-3768131), professional society incorporated in the State of New York in 1993. The Society is devoted to the involvement of social workers, other social work faculty and social work students in research and to the promotion of human welfare through research and research applications.
School Social Work Association of America
Some goals of the website are to strengthen the profession of school social work by maintaining and increasing the number of school social workers across the nation, and to offer opportunities for ongoing professional development.
International Federation of Social Workers
The International Federation of Social Workers (IFSW) is a global organization striving for social justice, human rights and social development through the development of social work, best practices and international cooperation between social workers and their professional organizations.
The Association for Gerontology Education in Social Work
The Association for Gerontology in Social Work (AGESW) provides leadership in the areas of gerontological social work education, research, and policy, and fosters cooperation, collegiality and an exchange of ideas among social work educators, researchers and students committed to or interested in gerontology.
Social Work Leadership Institute
The Social Work Leadership Institute is a national program that supports healthy aging. The institute focuses on improving the quality of health and long-term care for older adults - particularly those with complex chronic conditions - so that these services are better coordinated and easier to access; and growing the workforce of professionals trained in aging care, including social workers.
Association of Pediatric Oncology Social Workers
APOSW is a group of passionate, professional oncology social workers. The organization is focused on enhancing the lives of children with cancer and blood disorders and the families who care for them. APOSW advances its mission by promoting pediatric psychosocial oncology care through clinical social work practice, research, advocacy, education, and program development.
Michigan Association of School Social Workers (MASSW)
The Mission of the Michigan Association of School Social Workers is to advocate for the delivery of school social work services to meet the needs of all children. As an organization, we will actively promote the educational and professional growth of members to ensure that the highest standards of practice are upheld. We will champion the causes of members and clients, and work to impact legislation that will improve the delivery of school social work services and enhance the education of all children. School Social Workers will work cooperatively with all systems that affect education to guarantee the highest degree of service. The future of our nation is dependent on the education of our children. MASSW will do whatever is within its power to meet these present and future challenges.
Society for Social Work Leadership in Healthcare
This websites core values are: Advocacy, stewardship, ethics, creativity, and inclusiveness.
Centers & Institutions
Casey Family Programs
Casey Family Programs’ website provides information on how to administer, improve and ultimately to prevent the need for foster care.
National Sexual Violence Resource Center
This website provides information and resources regarding all aspects of sexual violence.
The Council of State Governments
This website helps states increase efficiency by identifying the best new and creative approaches to significant state problems and policies.
North American Resource Center for Child Welfare
It is the Center for Child Welfare Policy's goal to support bold ideas in the field of child welfare; to promote the critical appraisal of these ideas through good science and open debate; to support the epistemological position that a collective and objective knowledge base can be identified and sustained; to support courageous publication of meritorious work that exemplifies these principles; and to support the moral position that it is our responsibility to do so.
The Urban Institute
Part of the Urban Institute's Mission is to promote sound social policy and public debate on national priorities. The institute also collects and analyzes data, conducts policy research, and evaluates programs and services.
Human Services Research Institute
This website helps to expand the use of research and evaluation to guide policy and practice. The website also provides tools that can assist human service organizations and systems to develop support systems for children, adults, and families.
American Board of Examiners in Clinical Social Work
The American Board of Examiners in Clinical Social Work (ABE) is the national standard-setting organization for the profession of Clinical Social Work. ABE sets and promotes national practice standards, publishes position statements, maintains an online directory of certificates, and issues credentials for advanced clinical generalists (BCD), clinical supervisors, children/families practitioners, and psychoanalysts.
This website provides a wide range of resources on topics pertaining to sexual and reproductive health.
Center for Law and Social Policy
Through careful research and analysis and effective advocacy, CLASP develops and promotes new ideas, mobilizes others, and directly assists governments and advocates to put in place successful strategies that deliver results that matter to people across America. We are nonpartisan and situated at the intersection of local practice, national research, and state and federal policy, and striving to translate each world to each other.
The Brookings Institution
The Brookings Institution is a non-profit public policy organization based in Washington, DC. Its mission is to conduct high-quality, independent research and, based on that research, to provide innovative, practical recommendations that advance three broad goals: strengthen American democracy; foster the economic and social welfare, security and opportunity of all Americans and secure a more open, safe, prosperous and cooperative international system.
Center on Budget and Policy Priorities
The Center on Budget and Policy Priorities is one of the nation’s premier policy organizations working at the federal and state levels on fiscal policy and public programs that affect low- and moderate-income families and individuals.
Public Agenda is an innovative, non-partisan public opinion research and public engagement organization that works to strengthen our democracy's capacity to tackle tough public policy issues. The organization, through issue guides and Citizen's Survival Kit, FacingUp.org, PlanetForward.org and on social networks - and in communities around the country, and through our academic arm, the Center for Advances in Public Engagement (CAPE), are all focused on ensuring that the public's views are represented in decision-making.
Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.
Mathematica, a nonpartisan firm, conducts policy research and surveys in health care, education, welfare, family support, employment and nutrition.
Public Policy Research
Public Policy Research conducts research on a broad range of social and environmental problems.
Center for Policy Research
The Center for Policy Research is a non-profit corporation established in 1981 to work with public and private sector service providers to conduct research.
NAMI: National Alliance on Mental Illness | Policy Research Institute
From its inception in 1979, NAMI has been dedicated to improving the lives of individuals and families affected by mental illness. For three decades, NAMI has established itself as the most formidable grassroots mental health advocacy organization in the country. Dedication, steadfast commitment and unceasing belief in NAMI's mission by grassroots advocates have produced profound changes. NAMI's greatest strength is the dedication of our grassroots leaders and members.
Created in 1974 by the Ford Foundation and a group of federal agencies, MDRC is best known for mounting large-scale evaluations of real-world policies and programs targeted to low-income people. The organization helped pioneer the use of random assignment — the same highly reliable methodology that is used to test new medicines — in the evaluation of such policies and programs. The five main policy areas in which the organization works are: Promoting family well-being and child development, improving public education, promoting successful transitions to adulthood, supporting low-wage workers and communities, overcoming barriers to employment.
Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern University
Interdisciplinary public policy research institute founded to stimulate and support excellent social science research on significant public policy issues.
Institute for Policy & Social Research
The Institute for Policy & Social Research brings together social scientists from a broad range of disciplines to pursue and conduct sponsored research.
The Carter Center
The Carter Center, in partnership with Emory University, is committed to advancing human rights and alleviating unnecessary human suffering. Founded in 1982 by former U.S. President Jimmy Carter and former First Lady Rosalynn Carter, the Atlanta-based Center has helped to improve the quality of life for people in more than 70 countries.
Institute for Social Research (University of Michigan)
The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research (ISR) is the world's largest academic social science survey and research organization. We are a leader in developing and applying new social science methods, and we are committed to educating the next generation of social scientists. After a rich 60-year history, we continue to broaden our scientific reach through international ventures and new collaboration with federal agencies, foundations, corporations, and private individuals.
National Cancer Institute: Research-Tested Intervention Programs
This website allows the user to find research-tested intervention programs and products, review summary information and usefulness/integrity scores for each program, order or download materials to adapt for use in your own program, and obtain readability scores for products distributed to the public.
Rural Policy Research Institute
RUPRI conducts policy-relevant research and facilitates public dialogue to assist policymakers in understanding the rural impacts of public policies and programs.
Institute for Women's Policy Research
A non-profit organization dedicated to researching policy issues of critical importance for women. IWPR's policy areas include poverty and welfare.
Maternal Child Health Policy Research Center
The MCH Policy Research Center is a health policy group that provides federal and state policymakers, public health officials, and provider and family organizations with analysis, objective research, and strategic guidance on financing and service delivery issues affecting children and adolescents, particularly those with special needs and those from low-income families.
National Research Center For Women & Families
The National Research Center for Women & Families promotes the health and safety of women, children, and families, by using objective, research-based information to encourage new, more effective programs and policies. The Center achieves its mission by gathering and analyzing information and translating that information into clearly presented facts and policy implications that are made widely available to the public, the media, and policy makers.
National Center for Children in Poverty
The National Center for Children in Poverty (NCCP) is the nation’s leading public policy center dedicated to promoting the economic security, health, and well-being of America’s low-income families and children. NCCP uses research to inform policy and practice with the goal of ensuring positive outcomes for the next generation. We promote family-oriented solutions at the state and national levels.
Institute for Research on Poverty
The Institute for Research on Poverty (IRP) is a university-based center for research into the causes and consequences of poverty and social inequality in the United States. It is non-profit and non-partisan.
IASWR has moved to Social Work Policy Institute
The mission of the Social Work Policy Institute (SWPR), a think tank established within the National Association of Social Workers (NASW) Foundation is:
a) To strengthen social work's voice in public policy deliberations
b) To inform policymakers through the collection and dissemination of information on social work effectiveness
c) To create a forum to examine current and future issues in health care and social service delivery
Suicide Prevention Research Center: Best Practice Registry
The purpose of the Best Practice Registry is to identify, review, and disseminate information about best practices that address specific objectives of the National Strategy for Suicide Prevention.
Technical Assistance Center on Social Emotional Intervention for Young Children
The Center for Evidence-Based Practice: Young Children with Challenging Behavior is funded by the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs to raise the awareness and implementation of positive, evidence-based practices and to build an enhanced and more accessible database to support those practices.
The e-Community Forums at The Evaluation Center @ Human Services Research Institute
The Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) Program supports the rigorous scientific evaluation of behavioral health interventions, and the dissemination and implementation of interventions that have strong evidence of effectiveness. The goal is to provide resources for the diverse stakeholders with interest in EBP.
National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors Research Institute (NRI)
NRI has useful information about defining evidence-based practices, a directory of resources that describe criteria for defining which practices are evidence-based, and important information regarding the implementation of evidence-based mental health practices.
Social Care Institute for Excellence (SCIE)
The United Kingdom-based SCIE works to disseminate knowledge-based good practice guidance; involve service users, carers, practitioners, providers, and policymakers in advancing and promoting good practice in social care; and enhance the skills and professionalism of social care workers through tailored, targeted and user-friendly resources.
Social Work Topics
Hands Net has combined current human services and community development information important to low-income communities and communities of color. Hands Net seeks to encourage comprehensive thinking for improving the lives of people living in these communities.
The Evidence-Based Program Database
The Evidence-Based Program Database is a compilation of quality government, academic, and non-profit lists of evidence-based programs that appear on the World Wide Web and/or in print form. While these existing resources are of excellent quality, they have not been available in a centralized, user-friendly searchable database. Further, the content of all of these lists changes annually, making it very difficult for practitioners to remain knowledgeable of available evidence-based programs and select from them wisely. The programs in this database have all been shown to be effective at changing youth behaviors.
National Guidelines Clearinghouse
The National Guideline Clearinghouse™ (NGC) is a public resource for evidence-based clinical practice guidelines. NGC is an initiative of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. NGC was originally created by AHRQ in partnership with the American Medical Association and the American Association of Health Plans (now America's Health Insurance Plans [AHIP]).
OJJDP Model Programs Guide
The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Model Programs Guide (MPG) is designed to assist practitioners and communities in implementing evidence-based prevention and intervention programs that can make a difference in the lives of children and communities. The MPG database of evidence-based programs covers the entire continuum of youth services from prevention through sanctions to reentry. The MPG can be used to assist juvenile justice practitioners, administrators, and researchers to enhance accountability, ensure public safety, and reduce recidivism.
Evidence-Based Mental Health
Evidence-Based Mental Health alerts clinicians to important advances in treatment, diagnosis, aetiology, prognosis, continuing education, economic evaluation and qualitative research in mental health. The journal surveys a wide range of international medical journals applying strict criteria for the quality and validity of research. Practicing clinicians assess the clinical relevance of the best studies. The key details of these essential studies are presented in a succinct, informative abstract with an expert commentary on its clinical application. Published quarterly, Evidence-Based Mental Health is multidisciplinary. It covers studies of adults, children, older adults, people who have developed psychiatric or psychological problems as a result of trauma and people with learning disabilities, head injuries, drug and alcohol problems and personality disorders.
California Evidence-Based Clearinghouse for Child Welfare (CEBC)
The CEBC provides child welfare professionals with easy access to vital information about selected child welfare related programs. Each program is reviewed and rated utilizing the CEBC Scientific Rating scale to determine the level of evidence for the program. The programs are also rated on a Relevance to Child Welfare Rating Scale.
CDC: The Community Guide
The Guide to Community Preventive Services (Community Guide) serves as a filter for scientific literature on specific health problems that can be large, inconsistent, uneven in quality, and even inaccessible. The Community Guide summarizes what is known about the effectiveness, economic efficiency, and feasibility of interventions to promote community health and prevent disease. The Task Force on Community Preventive Services makes recommendations for the use of various interventions based on the evidence gathered in the rigorous and systematic scientific reviews of published studies conducted by the review teams of the Community Guide. The findings from the reviews are published in peer-reviewed journals and also made available on this Internet website.
Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence
Blueprints for Violence Prevention has identified 11 prevention and intervention programs that meet a strict scientific standard of program effectiveness. Program effectiveness is based upon an initial review by CSPV and a final review and recommendation from a distinguished Advisory Board, comprised of seven experts in the field of violence prevention. The 11 model programs, called Blueprints, have been effective in reducing adolescent violent crime, aggression, delinquency, and substance abuse. Another 18 programs have been identified as promising programs. To date, more than 600 programs have been reviewed.
The Cochrane Library
The Cochrane Library contains high-quality, independent evidence to inform healthcare decision-making. It includes reliable evidence from Cochrane and other systematic reviews, clinical trials, and more. Cochrane reviews provide the combined results of the world’s best medical research studies, and are recognized as the gold standard in evidence-based health care.
EBP Substance Abuse Database
The EBP Substance Abuse Database is a small, but growing, database of evidence-based interventions for treating substance use disorders. Interventions were selected according to criteria described on the About EBP page. Each record in the database includes a description of the intervention and its implementation, populations for which it has been shown to be effective, references to supporting literature, the availability of instructional manuals, and author/developer notes and other useful information.
The Evaluation Center’s EBP Metabase
The Evaluation Center’s EBP Metabase v 1.0 is a searchable database of meta-analyses related of mental health interventions. It allows the user to find an intervention related to outcomes of interest and review the evidence of effectiveness.
Matrix of Children’s Evidence-Based Interventions
The NRI Center for Mental Health Quality and Accountability synthesized key literature reviews which summarized the effectiveness of prevention, intervention, and/or treatment programs that can be applied to child and adolescent mental health services. The purpose was not to redefine or create another hierarchy of what constitutes an evidence-based practice vs. a promising practice or emerging practice, but rather to compile a comprehensive list of interventions or programs that have been evaluated or more rigorously tested, and found to have varying degrees of evidence as to their effectiveness.
Social Programs That Work
This site summarizes the findings from well-designed randomized controlled trials that, in their view, have particularly important policy implications — because they show, for example, that a social intervention has a major effect, or that a widely-used intervention has little or no effect. They limit the discussion to well-designed randomized controlled trials based on persuasive evidence that they are superior to other study designs in measuring an intervention’s true effect.
Child Trends is a nonprofit, nonpartisan research center that studies children at every stage of development. Their mission is to improve outcomes for children by providing research, data, and analysis to the people and institutions whose decisions and actions affect children, including policy makers, program providers, foundations, and the media. Founded in 1979, Child Trends helps keep the nation focused on children and their needs by identifying emerging issues; evaluating important programs and policies; and providing data-driven, evidence-based guidance on policy and practice. Its work is supported by government, foundation, and private sector funders.
CSWE: Evidence-Based Practice
CSWE recognizes that teaching social work students how to access, analyze, interpret, and appropriately employ evidence is critical to effective social work practice. CSWE is collaborating with the Austin Initiative to begin providing more resources for teaching evidence-based practice.
EBP Exchange – UMB School of Social Work
This site is for the free exchange of ideas in regards to evidence-based research and practice and its implications at the University of Maryland School of Social Work.
Evidence-Based Behavioral Practice (EBBP)
The EBBP.org project creates training resources to help bridge the gap between behavioral health research and practice. Professionals from the major health disciplines are collaborating to learn, teach, and implement evidence-based behavioral practice (EBBP).
Evidence-Based Group Work
This site is intended to be a link to research-based evidence about group work. The purpose is to make research evidence available to those who want to make group work demonstrably more effective and beneficial to participants.
Integrating Evidence-Based Practices into CBCAP
The “Discussion Tool” was produced by FRIENDS to help State Lead Agencies work with their funded programs to facilitate appropriate conversations when considering implementing evidence-based or evidence-informed programs and practices. The Discussion Tool is divided into 7 sections that cover 4 paths programs can follow. The resource includes worksheets that help agencies evaluate capacity, templates for evaluation and implementation planning along with resources for programs to use while they explore existing evidence-based programs and practices.
National Alliance of Multi-Ethnic Behavioral Health Associations (NAMBHA)
The mission of NAMBHA is to collectively promote the behavioral well-being and full potential of people of color and to eliminate disparities in behavioral health services and treatment. NAMBHA works to identify culturally appropriate best practice models.
The National Implementation Research Network
The mission of the National Implementation Research Network (NIRN) is to close the gap between science and service by improving the science and practice of implementation in relation to evidence-based programs and practices.
National Working Group on Evidence-Based Health Care
The National Working Group on Evidence-Based Health Care represents consumers, caregivers, practitioners, and researchers committed to promoting accurate and appropriate evidence-based policies and practices that improve the quality of health care services in the United States.
The Ohio Substance Abuse and Mental Illness Coordinating Center of Excellence (SAMI-CCOE)
Ohio SAMI-CCOE is a technical-assistance organization that helps service systems, organizations, and providers implement and sustain the Integrated Dual Disorder Treatment (IDDT) model (an evidence-based practice), maintain fidelity to the model, and develop collaborations within local communities that enhance quality of life for consumers of mental health services and their families.
Research and Empirical Applications for Curriculum Enhancement in Social Work (REACH-SW)
REACH-SW is a curriculum enhancement tool designed to support faculty in teaching social work students how to apply evidence-based practice (EBP) approaches to social work practice. The tool is also designed to increase scientific literacy skills of faculty – and thus, students – with respect to finding, understanding, and applying empirical research to social work practice. REACH-SW provides faculty the background information they need to know to effectively teach the application of EBP within a variety of social work courses, including Micro and Macro Practice, HBSE Foundations, Program Evaluation, Policy Analysis, Introduction to Social Work Practice, Advanced Social Work Practice, Introduction to Social Work Research, and many others.
Roundtable on Evidence-Based Medicine
The IOM Roundtable on Evidence-Based Medicine brings together key stakeholders from multiple sectors – patients, health care providers, payers, employers, manufacturers, policymakers, and researchers – for cooperative consideration of the ways that evidence can be better developed and applied to drive improvements in the effectiveness and efficiency of medical care in the United States.